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Interventional breast imaging is essential in the diagnosis of abnormal findings in the breast tissue. Interventional breast imaging began as an open excision; the breast was biopsied through a surgical procedure that required the whole breast to be excised, thus allowing a sample of the breast tissue to be obtained. With this type of biopsy, the patient would have a longer recovery time, a higher cost, and, in some cases, unnecessary excisions. Image guided breast intervention, however, has led to the decline of open excisions. Biopsies performed under the guidance of an imaging modality allow breast interventions to be safe, accurate, and cost-efficient. Through literature review, breast interventions have shown the transition that the role of breast interventions has taken. Instead of the one biopsy, it has developed into a variety of biopsies that can be categorized into two types of palpable and non-palpable biopsies/ needle localization. Additionally, the image guidance can be done through three different modalities: mammography, sonography, and magnetic resonance imaging. Each modality has its advantages and disadvantages, but they tend to work with one another. In order to know which modality to use for the chosen biopsy, many factors of both the patient and abnormal findings are taken into consideration. Some biopsies have more than one modality that can be used as a guide, while there are other biopsies that can only use the one modality. Through the advancements in technology, many of the modalities are improving their methods of biopsy.
Keywords: Breast Intervention, Image Guidance, Breast Biopsies, Mammography, Sonography, Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Breast Intervention, Image Guidance, Breast Biopsies, Mammography, Sonography, Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Medicine and Health Sciences
Torres, Agripina, "Interventional Breast Imaging" (2020). Medical Imaging Senior Posters. 7.