Faculty Advisor(s)

Lynn Blazaskie



Download Full Text (5.5 MB)


Mammography is a low dose radiographic imaging of the breast tissue. Screening and diagnostic mammography are both utilized to examine breast tissue, however diagnostic mammography is only performed on patients presenting with symptoms. Gynecomastia is a benign enlargement of male breast tissue that may occur at any age. Gynecomastia is often idiopathic, but there are multiple possible causes involving hormones, conditions, medications, and substances. Gynecomastia presents radiographically different depending on how long it has been present in the body. The different diagnosis patterns are early dendritic, late dendritic, and diffuse glandular. Many pathologies in the male breast present similarly on a radiograph. Some differential diagnoses include male breast cancer, Pseudogynecomastia, and lipoma. The aim of this research is to evaluate the diagnosis of gynecomastia utilizing mammography. Many aspects of gynecomastia are examined, including symptoms, possible causes or risk factors, diagnosis, diagnosis patterns, and differential diagnosis. Future work may involve research on the specific causes of gynecomastia in the older population and treatment options for gynecomastia.

Keywords: Mammography, Gynecomastia, Diagnostic Mammography, Male Mammography

Publication Date


Document Type



Medical Imaging


Gynecomastia, Mammography, Male Mammography


Medicine and Health Sciences

Diagnosis of Gynecomastia Utilizing Mammography



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.